Israel Antiques Authority

Brief description of organization: The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) is in charge of the country’s antiquities and antiquity sites, their excavation, preservation, conservation, study and publication thereof, as well as the country’s antiquity treasures. The Israel Antiquities Authority is a leading professional body for the study of the archaeology of Israel. The main goals are to preserve, conserve and study the archaeological heritage of the country at the highest scientific level, and to maintain a balance between development needs and antiquities preservation. The Israel Antiquities Authority increases the public awareness and interest in the country's archaeological heritage, with the professional capabilities of its employees and their obligations to the organization and its goals. The Conservation Department of the IAA was established in 1988 as the professional arm specializing in conservation. The aim of the department is to preserve the built cultural heritage of Israel. The department acts in accordance with a conservation policy that outlines the principals and decision making methods pertaining to the conservation of heritage sites and it is specified in a scheme of guidelines and standards. The current policy was formulated based on the Conservation Charter of 1997 and based on the accumulated experience and the research that has been conducted by the Conservation Department. The professional staff includes conservators, architects, engineers, planners, chemists, geologists and administrative personnel. By working together, they provide answers to an array of research, planning and implementation aspects pertaining to the conservation of the built cultural heritage sites.

Brief description of tasks attributed: Being a Public Authority responsible of many projects and of dissemination activities, IAA will mainly work on WP2; WP9 and WP10. It will give a very significant contribute to WP3. Examples of various construction types (archaeological sites, typical local constructions) will be also offered for case-study application in WP9.

Previous experience relevant to tasks attributed: IAA is responsible for the CH of Israel and among the other project, it carried out the ‘Caesarea’ project (water aqueduct); ‘Tel Dan’ (First Temple in the City of Dan); ‘Old Acco’ (Old Town’s antique buildings); ‘Acco’ (largest preservation project in Israel). IAA develops a conservation policy based on Israel Law of Antiquities; carries out yearly and Long-term Conservation-Plans; set guidelines and approve conservation activities of other agencies active in conservation of antiquities; supervise the professional conservation workers; it has created a Database and first policies' documents dealing with Risk and Risk-preparedness to Cultural Heritage in Israel. In 1992 a professional training courses for unemployed on surveys and physical – engineering documentations of archaeological sites was started (more that 400 persons participated until now). Since 1994, approval was granted for a comprehensive course to be given by lecturers from the ICCROM School for Conservation in Rome, offering 20 weeks of training over a two year period, to 25 conservation workers (each time).

Short profile of staff members: Eng. Jacques Neguer received his MS Degree in Chemical Engineering at the Polytechnic of Sofia, Bulgaria (1986). Conservator in the National Institute for Historical Monuments, Sofia, Bulgaria (1979-92). Specialized in mosaics conservation at the Instituto Centrale del Restauro (ICR), Rome, Italy. Since 1993 he has worked as a conservator in the Conservation Department of the IAA, becoming Head of the Art Conservation Section of the Conservation Department in 1994. Member of ICCM (International Committee for Conservation Mosaics) since 1996. Member of ICOMOS and Head of the National Scientific Committee for Stone Conservation. Participated in the PISA and ITER project. Represented Israel in the UN ECE ICP-Effects on materials program. Main research interests are on risk and vulnerability assessment of mosaics.Teaching activity - Stone conservation courses for post graduated students in the Technion, Haifa. Prof. Eng. Yaacov Schaffer: Received his B.A.+M.A. in Civil Engineering at the Politecnico di Milano, Italy (1977). M.A. at the Conservation Dept of the Faculty of Urban Planning, Boston University (USA, 1986). Specialization in Architectural conservation at the International School for Conservation; Rome (1989). Head of Implementation and Engineering Section at IAA (1988-96). Former Head of Conservation Dept. (1996-2004). Chief Conservation Officer at IAA (2004-06), with responsibility on all the Conservation Topic including the relations with foreign cultural heritage organizations and Scientific-Committees, participation in National and International Organizations active in field of conservation. He worked as project engineer, conservation engineer or advisor on conservation for Israeli and foreigner Authorities, the Council for the Preservation of Historic Sites, the American Colony in Jaffa, the Boston Redevelopment Authority, the Israel Ministry of Housing, and for various private companies being involved and/or responsible for many projects. He was lecturer at the Holon Institute of Technology, from 1986 to 2006 and he is lecturer since 2003 at the Tel Aviv University, Architecture School. Author and co-author of several publications, since 1996 he has participated in more than 20 International Conferences dealing with conservation of CH and in ICOMOS, ISCARSAH, ICCROM and UNESCO Meetings and conferences. He is member of: Israel Chapter of ICOMOS (from 1987); Israel Council for the Preservation of Historic Sites (from 1989); ISCARSAH Committee of ICOMOS International (from 1996); Scientific Committee of WEB JOURNAL on Cultural Patrimony (from 2005). He is currently working as private professional and consulting on CH, in relation to many conservation project and in continuous collaboration with IAA.